How to Fix a Chipped Tooth at Home (Kits & Other Options).
Clinical content featured by Byte is reviewed and fact-checked by a licensed dentist or orthodontist to help ensure clinical accuracy.
We follow strict sourcing guidelines and each page contains a full list of sources for complete transparency.
Table of Contents
- Chipped Tooth
- After Chipping a Tooth
- Chipped Tooth Repair
- Managing a Chipped Tooth
- Seeking Professional Help
- What Not To Do
- Chipped Teeth Prevention
- Be Wary of Short-Term Solutions
- Frequently Asked Questions
If you have a chipped tooth, there is little you can do at home to actually fix the issue, though you can alleviate some discomfort and protect your mouth. You’ll need a professional to fill the chip in the most appropriate way. The method chosen will depend on the location and severity of the chip.
Some drugstores sell emergency kits that are intended to soften the edges of chipped teeth. They essentially consist of paraffin wax that you wrap around the jacked edges of a chipped tooth.
In a pinch, you can use sugarless chewing gum for the same purpose. It’ll simply prevent the jagged edge of a chipped tooth from cutting or scraping your lips, tongue, or the inside of your mouth.
Some DIY kits claim to help you fix a chipped tooth at home. Be aware that these kits only offer a temporary solution to your chipped tooth. They can make it look aesthetically pleasing for a couple days, but you need to see your dentist to get a more permanent fix.
How does a chipped tooth happen?
Chipped teeth are the most common dental injury reported. You bite into something that is too hard, you are in a minor accident and hit your head, or maybe there is an underlying issue with your tooth that leads to chipping a small piece off. No matter how it happens, a chipped tooth is a bummer.
If you chip your tooth, try to save the piece if it is big enough and you can find it. Then, call your dentist as soon as possible.
Your dentist can treat your tooth so the chip doesn’t get bigger. Treatment may include putting a cap over the area to protect your tooth.
For most people, a chipped tooth seems like a problem with their appearance rather than a potential medical issue. However, chipped teeth can lead to bigger problems by exposing sensitive inner parts of your tooth. This exposure can lead to decay, infection, and tooth loss.
Types of Chipped Teeth
Cracked teeth can be categorized into five major groups that include:
- Craze lines: Tiny vertical cracks grow visible on the enamel. This type is common with aging, although craze lines rarely lead to severe or irreparable tooth damage.
- Fractured cusp: These form in teeth with cavities or filings. They are considered minor cracks and don’t extend deep into the sensitive parts of the tooth. Because of that, they’re usually not painful.
- Cracked tooth (gumline): Cracks extend to the gumline and can require extraction. Subgingivally cracked teeth can be repaired with non-removal procedures, including dental crowns and bonds.
- Split tooth: Some cracked teeth split entirely into two or more sections. (This usually stems from poor hygiene and lack of long-term dental care.) This type of crack is difficult to repair and almost always calls for an extraction.
- Vertical root fractured: Caused by frequent and repetitive forces, this damage to the tooth leads to fractures that extend over time. Vertical root fractures are most common in adults over 50 years old.
What to do after chipping a tooth.
When you chip a tooth, call your dentist and set up an appointment. If you can find the piece of tooth, save it in some anti-cavity mouthwash or even in a small glass of milk. Your dentist may be able to reattach the chip.
If the chip is very small, you are unlikely to find the missing piece. Don’t worry because your dentist has several ways to cosmetically fix the problem. These treatments can help to keep your teeth healthy and prevent cracking or infection.
You may not even notice when you chip your tooth. Instead, you might later experience specific symptoms, such as:
- Feeling a rough or uneven surface if you run your tongue along the tooth.
- Feeling a jagged or sharp edge on your tooth.
- Swelling along the gumline near the chipped tooth.
- Intermittent pain or sharp pain when biting into food.
- Pain while eating and drinking.
- Feeling like something is stuck in your teeth.
Kits to fix a chipped tooth at home.
If you have to wait a while to see your dentist, you may want to use a kit to create a temporary cover for your chipped tooth.
These at-home kits often use wax to cover the broken edges of the tooth, which can also protect the inner layers of the tooth from food particles and bacteria. Other kits may contain material that can be molded into the shape of the missing piece of your tooth.
These kits only offer temporary solutions to your chipped tooth. While they may protect your tooth to a certain extent, they are not going to stay in place very long. It’s likely that the quick-fix repair will fall off within a couple days.
These DIY kits also do not address any underlying problems like enamel changes or infection that could have caused your tooth to chip. This means your tooth is likely to sustain further damage since the underlying issue isn’t addressed.
Even if you use a chipped-tooth kit as a provisional solution, you need to see a dentist as soon as possible to assess the overall situation.
Managing a chipped tooth at home.
Chipping a tooth may cause some pain in the area. A dentist can treat the tooth, ensure it is free from infection, or confirm it is not at risk for other major issues. Comprehensive treatment means that any pain in the area will be addressed.
If you can’t see a dentist immediately and are in pain from the chip, you can try some home remedies.
- Take over-the-counter pain medications, like ibuprofen or acetaminophen, to reduce inflammation.
- Place cold compresses on the outside of the mouth to further decrease swelling.
- Elevate your head while you sleep. This reduces how much blood pools in your head, thereby minimizing the pressure put on your gums.
- Use over-the-counter oral numbing gels to anesthetize the surrounding area.
- Swish a saltwater rinse around your mouth. The mixture of salt and warm water can help to reduce inflammation and lower your infection risk.
- Dab clove oil onto the area lightly with a cotton ball or swab.
- Drink peppermint tea. It has some antimicrobial properties and can calm your nervous system.
Fortunately, most people who suffer a chipped tooth do not have pain from the issue. They are more likely to be worried about their appearance. At their appointment, their dentist will assess any long-term oral dental problems that may occur due to the chip.
Get professional help to fix the chipped tooth.
Your dentist is the only one who can permanently repair a chipped tooth. If the chip is small, they may just polish and smooth the area, so your tooth has an even shape again.
If the chip does not affect your appearance, does not bother you, and is not putting you at risk of further health problems, your dentist may not even need to treat it. Instead, they may simply monitor the chipped tooth during your regular visits.
If you have a large chip but you are able to save that piece of your tooth, your dentist may be able to reattach it. If you aren’t able to find the missing piece, they can use a resin filling to create a replacement piece on the tooth. You may also need a veneer or onlay to protect the tooth and give it a more natural appearance.
Sometimes, chipping a tooth exposes the root. These larger chips may indicate that an underlying infection or decay has made your enamel too soft. In this case, you may need to get a root canal. This cleans out the infected area and supports your root by repairing damaged areas of the tooth.
After a root canal, you may need to get a crown on top of the tooth, so it has a natural appearance. The crown also serves to protect the filling.
What not to do at home
You absolutely need to see a professional dentist to have your chipped tooth repaired.
There are several things you should avoid attempting yourself at home. All of these can cause serious damage to your teeth and mouth if you attempt them yourself.
- Do not attempt to file the jagged edge of a chipped tooth. You may crack or further damage your tooth.
- Do not attempt to pull out the chipped tooth. Your dentist will aim to save your tooth if possible.
- Do not attempt to “fill” the chip with any material. A professional needs to do this.
Prevent future chipped teeth.
If you chipped a tooth and want to prevent this issue in the future, there are several steps you can take.
- Go to regular dentist appointments for checkups and cleanings.
- Practice good oral hygiene.
- Reduce how much sugar and acidic food you eat.
- Wear a mouthguard while playing sports.
- Get treatment for grinding or clenching your teeth. This usually involves wearing a nightguard while you sleep to protect your teeth.
- Treat acid reflux, which can damage the enamel of your teeth.
- Avoid chewing hard candy or ice.
- Get treatment to align crooked, crowded, or gapped teeth. This can reduce stress from an improper bite.
People may chip small pieces out of their teeth due to misalignment issues. When you have crooked, crowded, or gapped teeth, your bite will not line up as it should. This can cause stress, even when you eat normally and do not feel muscle pain or tooth discomfort.
Stress on your teeth can wear away at the enamel and other layers faster, which can lead to minor cracks or fractures. You may experience these problems as tooth sensitivity, occasional pain, or plaque buildup. You may also get a chipped tooth as these fractures grow.
Finding the underlying cause of your chipped tooth is important, but if it is associated with crooked or gapped teeth, you may be able to use at-home aligners to improve both your bite and your smile.
You start the process by creating molds of your teeth, which are sent to a doctor for examination. If you are a good fit for at-home aligners, the treatment team will create a care plan and have aligners developed just for your smile. Follow their instructions for when to change out aligners, and stick to the schedule for occasional check-ins regarding your health and happiness with the process.
Be wary of short-term solutions.
Ultimately, you’ll need to work with your dentist to treat chipped teeth.
While you wait to see your dentist, you can try some home remedies, like chipped tooth kits, so the chip is not noticeable. This can be a good solution if you have an important event or meeting and need to cover the chip. These short-term DIY solutions can also protect you from some tooth sensitivity or pain, but a long-term solution is needed.
Frequently Asked Questions
Should you carry a chipped tooth to the dentists?
How much does it cost to fix a chipped tooth?
Does insurance cover chip tooth repair?
Cracked Teeth. American Association of Endodontists (AAE).
How to Fix a Chipped Tooth. (January 2020). Delta Dental of Washington.
Cracked Tooth Diagnosis and Treatment: An Alternative Paradigm. (Apr–Jun 2015). European Journal of Dentistry.
Cracked Teeth Are A More Serious Problem Now Than Ever Before. (March 2018). Dentistry IQ.
Cracked Tooth Syndrome. (September 2015). National Center for Biotechnology Information.
Effects of Untreated Dental Caries. (July 2017). World Health Organization.
Natural Home Remedies for Tooth Infections. (January 2021). The Guardian Direct.